top of page


Adam, T (2006). Sources of Variability in Costing Methods: Implications for Transferability of Cost-Effectiveness Results (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from [accessed 26/07/2019].

Barbieri, M; Drummond, M; Willke, R; Chancellor, J; Jolain, B and Towse, A (2005). Variability of cost- effectiveness estimates for pharmaceuticals in Western Europe: lessons for inferring generalizability. Value Health 8 (1) pp.10-23. Retrieved from [accessed 26/07/2019].

Bauer, A; Fernandez, J (2017). Intermediate care: Appendix C3: Economic report. London: NICE. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Blom, J; Elzen, W; Houwelingen, A; Heijmans, M; Stijnen, T; Van der Hout, W; Gussekloo, J (2016). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a proactive, goal-oriented, integrated care model in general practice for older people. A cluster randomised controlled trial: Integrated Systematic Care for older People—the ISCOPE study. Age and Ageing 45 (1) pp.30-41. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Bloudek, L; Stokes, M; Buse, D; Wilcox, T; Lipton, R; Goadsby, P; Varon, S; Blumenfeld, A; Katsarava, Z; Pascual, J; Lanteri-Minet, M; Cortelli, P; Martelletti, P (2012). Cost of healthcare for patients with migraine in five European countries: results from the International Burden of Migraine Study (IBMS). J Headache Pain 13 (5) pp. 361-78.

Charlesworth, G; Shepstone, L; Wilson, E; Thalanany, M; Mugford, M; Poland, F (2008). Does befriending by trained lay workers improve psychological well-being and quality of life for carers of people with dementia, and at what cost? A randomised controlled trial. Health Technol Assess 12 (4) pp. 1-78. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Chisholm, D; Knapp, M (2002). The economics of schizophrenia care in Europe: the EPSILON study. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 11 (1) pp.12-17. Retrieved from [accessed 26/07/2019].


Ellis, A; Trappes-Lomax, T; Fox, M; Taylor, R; Power, M; Stead, J; Bainbridge, I (2005). Buying Time II: an economic evaluation of a joint NHS/Social Services residential rehabilitation unit for older people on discharge from hospital. Health Soc Care Community 14 (2) pp. 95-106. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].


Epstein, D; Mason, A; Manca, A (2008). The hospital costs of care for stroke in nine European countries. Health Econ. 17: S21-S31.

European Commission (2016). Joint Report on Health Care and Long-Term Care Systems & Fiscal Sustainability: Volume 1. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].


Glendinning, C; Challis, D; Fernandez, J; Jacobs, S; Jones, K; Knapp, M; Manthorpe, J; Moran, N; Netten, A; Stevens, M; Wilberforce, M (2008). Evaluation of the Individual Budgets Pilot Programme: Final Report. York: Social Policy Research Unit. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Glendinning, C; Jones, K; Baxter, K; Rabiee, P; Curtis, L; Wilde, A; Arksey, H; Forder, J (2010). Home Care Re-ablement Services: Investigating the longer-term impacts (prospective longitudinal study). York: Social Policy Research Unit. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Higginson, I; McCrone, P; Hart, S; Burman, R; Silber, E; Edmonds, P (2009). Is Short-Term Palliative Care Cost-Effective in Multiple Sclerosis? A Randomized Phase II Trial. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 38 (6) pp.816-826. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Hutton, J (2001). ‘Unit costs for Multi-Country Economic Evaluations’ in Netten, A (ed.) Unit Costs of Health and Social Care 2001. Retrieved from:  [accessed 26/07/2019].

Knapp, M; King, D; Romeo, R; Schehl, B; Barber, J; Griffin, M; Rapaport, P; Livingston, D; Mummery, C; Walker, Z; Hoe, Juanita; Sampson, E; Cooper, C; Livingston, G (2013). Cost effectiveness of a manual based coping strategy programme in promoting the mental health of family carers of people with dementia (the START (STrAtegies for RelaTives) study): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2013,347:f6342. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Leal, J; Luengo-Fernandez, R; Gray, A; Petersen, S; Rayner, M (2006). Economic burden of cardiovascular diseases in the enlarged European Union. European Heart Journal 27 pp. 1610-1619.

Lorenzoni, L; Koechlin, F (2017). OECD International Comparisons of Health Prices and Volumes: New Findings. Paris: OECD publishing. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Miller, P; Gladman, J; Cunliffe, A; Husbands, S; Dewey, M; Harwood, R (2005). Economic analysis of an early discharge rehabilitation service for older people. Age and Ageing 34 (3) pp.274-280. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Mogyorosy, Z; Smith, P (2005). The main methodological issues in costing health care services: A literature review. York: Centre for Health Economics. Retrieved from [accessed 26/07/2019].

Moses, M; Pedroza, P; Baral, R; Bloom, S; Brown, J; Chapin, A; Compton, K; Eldrenkamp, E; Fullman, N; Mumford, J; Nandakumar, V; Rosettie, K; Sadat, N; Shonka, T; Flaxman, A; Vos, T; Murray, C; Weaver, M (2019). Funding and services needed to achieve universal health coverage: applications of global, regional, and national estimates of utilisation of outpatient visits and inpatient admissions from 1990 to 2016, and unit costs from 1995 to 2016. Lancet Public Health 4: e49-73.

NICE (2012). Methods for the development of NICE public health guidance (third edition) [online]. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

Snell, T; Fernandez, J; Forder, J (2012). Building a business case for investing in adaptive technologies in England. London: PSSRU. Retrieved from: [accessed 26/07/2019].

WHO (2010). WHO-CHOICE estimates of cost for inpatient and outpatient health service delivery. Geneva: World Health Organization

Woods, B; Revill, P; Sculpher, M; Claxton, K (2016). Country-level cost-effectiveness thresholds: initial estimates and the need for further research. York: Centre for Health Economics, University of York.

World bank (2019a). Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) [online]. Retrieved from [accessed 26/07/2019].

World bank (2019b). Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter) [online]. Retrieved from [accessed 26/07/2019].

Wubker, A; Challis, D; Suhonen, R; Karlsson, S (2014). Costs of care for people with dementia just before and after nursing home placement: primary data from eight European countries. The Eur J Health Econ. 16 (7) pp. 689-707.

bottom of page